Category: General

Italian Founders Fund is ready to invest €50 million in entrepreneurs who have global aspirations.

While Italy is known for its rich history and vibrant culture, it is not the first country that comes to mind when thinking of startup hubs in Europe. However, recent developments indicate that this might be changing. Italy ranks eighth in Europe in terms of venture capital investment, a position it is striving to improve with the introduction of the Italian Founders Fund (IFF).

Boosting Italian Startups

IFF has been established with a substantial commitment of €50 million to invest in about 25 promising companies. This new fund is not limited to any specific sector, aiming to be both founder-friendly and versatile, addressing various entrepreneurial pain points. Lorenzo Franzi, a founding partner of IFF, discussed the mission to support early-stage founders in Italy who struggle to find committed lead investors at critical pre-seed and seed stages.

Portfolio Growth and Strategic Goals

To date, IFF’s portfolio already includes four companies, with a fifth deal currently underway. Among these, the fund led a 2023 funding round for the HR tech startup Jet HR, following an investment in the customer research platform Glaut. The strategic direction of IFF focuses on several key areas:

  • Key Hires and Commercial Expansion: IFF supports its portfolio companies in identifying and recruiting essential personnel, expanding business operations, and securing strategic partnerships.
  • Hands-on Investment Approach: Unlike traditional angel investing, which can suffer from issues like limited analysis and undersized funding rounds, IFF brings structured and proactive support to its investments.

Current IFF Portfolio Highlights

Company Industry Investment Date Key Focus
Glaut Customer Research April 2023 Enhancing data-driven insights
Jet HR HR Tech 2023 Streamlining HR operations

Addressing Market Challenges

While IFF has set ambitious goals, Franzi acknowledges some limitations. High taxes and complex bureaucratic processes remain significant challenges that a private VC firm alone cannot mitigate. However, recent public initiatives aim to enhance Italy’s appeal and the competitiveness of its tech sector. Unlike state-backed entities like CDP Capital, IFF operates entirely with private funding, giving it the freedom to invest without geographic constraints.

This flexibility will be crucial as IFF plans to support Italian founders both domestically and abroad, and to attract foreign startups interested in the Italian market. The fund also aims to establish connections with foreign VC funds for co-investments in its portfolio, either initially or in subsequent funding rounds.

Global Connections and Local Impact

The influence of IFF extends beyond Italy’s borders. It supports Italian entrepreneurs with global aspirations, helping them to connect and compete on an international stage. Notable global Italian startups like Bending Spoons, known for popular apps like Evernote and Meetup, exemplify the potential of Italian innovation on the global market.

IFF’s Backers: A Broad Spectrum

  • Diverse Backgrounds: IFF’s financial backers include approximately 100 Italian entrepreneurs from various sectors and generations.
  • Shared Vision: These backers are united by a common goal—to establish Italy as a top location in Europe for launching and growing businesses.

Long-Term Vision and Management

Managed by KOINOS Capital, a private equity firm diversifying into venture capital, IFF is inspired by successful international examples such as the U.S.’s Founders Fund and France’s Galion.exe. These founder-led funds have proven effective in other markets, and IFF aims to replicate this success in Italy.


The creation of the Italian Founders Fund marks a significant step in the maturation of Italy’s startup ecosystem. While venture capital numbers are on the rise, there is still much work to be done. “Challenging the status quo on processes, speed, and an entrepreneur-focused mindset is essential,” Franzi emphasizes. With its comprehensive approach and strategic investments, IFF is poised to play a pivotal role in reshaping Italy’s position in the European startup landscape.

Research from Harvard, MIT, and Wharton highlights the risks of depending on junior staff to train AI systems.

As businesses rapidly incorporate artificial intelligence (AI) into their operations, the prevailing belief is that younger, technologically adept employees will spearhead educating their senior managers on effectively harnessing these advanced tools. However, a recent study challenges this notion, especially concerning the use of generative AI technologies.

Study Details and Key Participants

The study was a collaborative effort involving scholars from prestigious institutions such as Harvard Business School, MIT, and Wharton, in partnership with Boston Consulting Group. The research focused on the interactions and experiences of junior employees with generative AI systems, particularly GPT-4, in real-world business scenarios.

Unexpected Findings from Junior Consultants

Contrary to expectations, the study revealed that junior employees, often presumed to be tech-savvy, might not be the best resources for guiding senior professionals in the effective use of emerging technologies like generative AI. The findings showed that the risk mitigation strategies proposed by these junior consultants frequently contradicted expert advice and lacked a deep understanding of AI’s capabilities.

Key Insights from the Study:

  • Junior Consultants’ Tactics: The research highlighted that the strategies suggested by junior employees to alleviate seniors’ concerns about AI risks were often misaligned with expert recommendations. These tactics were more about altering human behavior than enhancing the AI system’s design.
  • Focus on Short-term Solutions: Many recommendations were project-specific rather than aimed at broader organizational or industry-wide applications, suggesting a narrow scope of understanding.

In-depth Analysis of the Research Findings

1. Limited Technical Expertise The study found that junior consultants typically had minimal technical expertise in AI. Their recommendations were based more on general knowledge and less on a technical understanding of AI systems like GPT-4.

2. Risk Mitigation Approaches Junior employees tended to focus on immediate, surface-level solutions rather than systemic changes or in-depth strategies that could be more beneficial in the long run.

Challenges in Adopting Generative AI in Business

The rapid evolution of generative AI technologies presents significant challenges and opportunities for businesses. These AI systems can perform tasks such as engaging in detailed dialogues, responding to follow-up questions, and assisting in writing, analysis, and coding tasks. However, the study underscores the necessity of comprehensive AI governance and the need for expert input at all organizational levels.

Navigating AI Implementation Challenges:

  • Top-down Governance: Effective AI implementation requires informed leadership rather than relying solely on the knowledge of digital natives within the organization.
  • Expert Involvement: Incorporating AI experts into strategic planning and implementation processes is crucial to address potential risks and optimize AI usage.

Moving Forward: Recommendations for Effective AI Adoption

The findings advocate for a structured approach to AI adoption in corporate settings:

  • Upskilling Programs: Develop extensive training programs to enhance the AI competence of employees across all levels.
  • Leadership Roles: Senior professionals should take proactive roles in understanding and integrating new technologies to lead their teams effectively.
  • Future-proofing Strategies: Businesses need to anticipate future technological advancements and their potential impacts on industry and internal operations.

Summary in Bullet Points

  • Study Collaboration: Involvement of top academic institutions and Boston Consulting Group.
  • Key Finding: Junior employees may not be ideal mentors for senior staff in AI adoption.
  • Recommendations: Emphasize top-down governance, expert involvement, and comprehensive training.

This extensive study not only highlights a critical gap in the assumed capabilities of junior employees concerning AI but also sets the stage for rethinking how businesses should approach the integration of these powerful technologies into their workflows. Senior leaders are encouraged to take a more active role in understanding and guiding AI initiatives to ensure that their organizations can fully leverage AI’s capabilities responsibly and effectively.

McKesson and Merck Invest in Atropos Health’s $33M Funding Round to Boost AI-Driven Drug Development

Silicon Valley-based Atropos Health has successfully raised $33 million in a Series B funding round, marking a significant step forward in its mission to integrate AI-powered, personalized real-world evidence into healthcare decision-making.

In a recent announcement, Atropos Health, a pioneer in generating personalized real-world evidence, disclosed a substantial $33 million acquisition in Series B funding. This investment round featured prominent contributions from healthcare behemoths like McKesson, Merck, and Cencora Ventures, indicating a robust industry endorsement of Atropos’ innovative approach to healthcare.

The funds are earmarked for a strategic expansion aimed at enhancing the company’s operational capacity and doubling down on critical initiatives. These include a deeper penetration into the life sciences sector, broadening channel partnerships in value-based care and oncology, and expanding its network of data partners to enrich its evidence base.

Brigham Hyde, PhD, CEO and co-founder of Atropos Health, expressed his enthusiasm in a VentureBeat interview, stating, “We’re on a mission to bring personalized evidence for care to everybody in the world. This funding is a pivotal step in that journey. Specifically, we’ll be focusing on reinforcing our strategic initiatives, continuing our successful launch in life sciences, and enhancing our partnerships, particularly in value-based and specialty care oncology.”

Atropos Health is not just another player in the healthcare field; it is a trailblazer aiming to close the pervasive “evidence gap” in medical decision-making. The company’s flagship technology, Geneva OS, harnesses artificial intelligence (AI) and automation to rapidly generate clinical-grade evidence from real-world data. This platform, which has been developed over nearly a decade of research at Stanford University, powers applications such as the generative AI assistant, ChatRWD.

The technology enables clinicians, researchers, and other healthcare stakeholders to swiftly access reliable clinical evidence, personalized to specific patient populations—a capability often missing in current healthcare practices. Dr. Hyde highlighted a concerning statistic in his interview: “Only about 14% of daily medical decisions have any high-quality evidence behind them. Our goal is to use high-quality data, analyzed correctly, to fill this evidence gap.”

The central mission of Atropos is to provide clinicians with easy access to personalized evidence, thereby enhancing patient outcomes. Dr. Hyde used the example of heart failure patients to illustrate the need for tailored evidence that caters to subpopulations with unique characteristics and comorbidities, which could lead to more effective treatments and cost control.

Atropos’ applications extend beyond clinical decision-making. The company collaborates with pharmaceutical leaders, including Janssen, to expedite drug development by leveraging real-world evidence for clinical trial design, patient recruitment, and more. Dr. Hyde even suggested that the platform could simulate clinical trials, potentially revolutionizing the way pharmaceutical research is conducted by reducing cycle times and de-risking trials.

Despite the excitement surrounding large language models (LLMs) and generative AI, Atropos prioritizes building trust through methodological rigor and transparency. Dr. Hyde expressed concerns about the “hallucination rates” in current AI models and emphasized that Geneva OS ensures clinical-grade quality and transparency, backed by a decade of publications.

Strategic Use of Series B Funding

Initiative Objective Expected Impact
Expansion in Life Sciences Enhance presence and partnerships in life sciences Broaden application of real-world evidence in R&D
Channel Partnerships Growth Focus on value-based care and oncology Improve treatment strategies and patient outcomes
Data Network Expansion Increase the network of data partners Enrich the quality and diversity of clinical evidence

With a fresh influx of capital and a roster of strategic backers, Atropos is poised to bring its vision of personalized, automated clinical evidence to the global healthcare landscape. “Evidence is the currency of value in healthcare,” Dr. Hyde posited. “What if I could give doctors more evidence, more personalized, so they make better decisions? Fundamentally, we’re trying to move the world to a point where all patients and all providers have access to quality, personalized evidence for their decision-making.”

This bold vision by Atropos Health not only promises to transform patient care but also positions the company as a frontrunner in the integration of AI and healthcare. As they continue to bridge the evidence gap, the future of healthcare looks promisingly precise, personalized, and powered by artificial intelligence.

Y Combinator’s Garry Tan Backs AI Rules, Warns of Monopolies

Garry Tan, the influential president and CEO of the startup incubator Y Combinator, recently addressed an audience at The Economic Club of Washington, D.C., emphasizing the need for regulatory frameworks in the rapidly evolving field of artificial intelligence (AI). Tan’s comments come at a critical juncture as AI technologies continue to permeate various aspects of societal and economic activities.

The Argument for Regulation

During a detailed interview with Teresa Carlson, a board member at General Catalyst, Tan shared his views on a multitude of topics, from entry paths into Y Combinator to the broader implications of AI developments. He highlighted the unprecedented opportunities currently available in the technology sector, stating, “There is no better time to be working in technology than right now.”

Tan voiced his support for the efforts by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to create a risk mitigation framework for generative AI (GenAI). He believes that the Executive Order (EO) by the Biden Administration aligns well with necessary steps towards responsible AI deployment. The NIST’s framework includes several important guidelines:

  • Compliance with Existing Laws: GenAI must adhere to laws governing data privacy and copyright.
  • Disclosure Requirements: Companies must inform end users about their use of GenAI technologies.
  • Prohibitions on Harmful Content: Regulations should prevent GenAI from generating or distributing harmful materials such as child sexual abuse content.

Further, President Biden’s executive order mandates AI companies to share safety data with governmental bodies and ensures that small developers have equitable access to the technology market.

Concerns Over State Legislation

Despite his general support for federal efforts, Tan expressed concerns about AI-related bills progressing through state legislatures, particularly in California and San Francisco. One controversial bill, introduced by California State Senator Scott Wiener, could potentially allow the state attorney general to sue AI companies if their products cause harm. This bill, among others, has stirred significant debate within the tech community regarding its implications on innovation and business operations.

Key Regulatory Proposals Discussed by Garry Tan

Regulation Aspect Description Potential Impact
NIST Framework Guidelines for risk mitigation in GenAI applications Enhances safety and compliance standards
Biden’s Executive Order Comprehensive directives for AI deployment and oversight Aims for balanced growth and safety
California Legislative Bills Potential legal actions against harmful AI products Raises concerns about innovation stifling

The Balance Between Innovation and Control

Tan highlighted the delicate balance that needs to be maintained between fostering technological innovation and mitigating potential harms. He cited UK AI expert Ian Hogarth’s approach, which is thoughtful about maintaining a balance between limiting the concentration of power within the AI sector and encouraging innovative progress. Hogarth, a former YC entrepreneur, is part of an AI model taskforce in the UK, working towards viable policy solutions.

Y Combinator’s Ethical Stance

Tan shared insights into Y Combinator’s internal decision-making processes regarding AI startups. He emphasized that the incubator only funds startups that align with positive societal impacts. “If we don’t agree with a startup’s mission or its potential effects on society, YC just doesn’t fund it,” Tan explained. This cautious approach has led them to avoid backing several companies after reviewing their potential implications through media reports and internal evaluations.

AI Industry Challenges and the Future Landscape

The discussion also touched upon recent industry controversies, including high-profile issues at OpenAI and Meta. These instances have sparked a broader debate on the ethical responsibilities of AI firms and the transparency required in their operations.

  • OpenAI’s Responsibility Team: Recently, it was reported that OpenAI might be scaling back its AI responsibility team, raising questions about the commitment to ethical AI development.
  • Voice Mimicry Issues: OpenAI faced criticism for using a voice resembling actress Scarlett Johansson’s in demos, without her consent, leading to further scrutiny of its practices.
  • Meta’s AI Advisory Council Composition: Meta’s decision to form an AI advisory council predominantly comprising white men has also drawn criticism for not reflecting diversity.

The Vision for AI’s Future

Looking ahead, Tan is optimistic about the potential for AI to enable a diverse range of consumer choices and empower founders. He envisages a future where AI does not lead to monopolistic practices but instead fosters a vibrant landscape of varied solutions accessible to billions globally.

In conclusion, while Tan acknowledges the potential dangers of AI, his primary concern remains the risk of a monopolistic concentration of power within the industry, which could lead to restrictive practices detrimental to innovation and consumer choice. His vision for AI emphasizes both caution and enthusiasm, aiming for a future where technology serves humanity broadly and equitably.

Fintech lender SoLo Funds faces another lawsuit from the government regarding its lending practices.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) has filed a lawsuit against SoLo Funds, a fintech company specializing in peer-to-peer lending. The CFPB accuses the company of employing “digital dark patterns” to mislead borrowers and illegally extracting fees, despite advertising a fee-free service.

Allegations of Deceptive Practices

In a press release on May 17, CFPB Director Rohit Chopra stated, “The CFPB is suing SoLo for using digital trickery to hide interest and fees on its online loans. SoLo has had repeated run-ins with state regulators, and we are putting a stop to their fake tipping scheme.”

The CFPB’s lawsuit details several allegations against SoLo Funds:

  • Misrepresentation of Loan Costs: The company is accused of obscuring the true cost of loans, making it difficult for consumers to understand the financial commitments they were making.
  • Illegal Fee Collection: Despite advertising no fees, SoLo allegedly took fees from borrowers under the guise of tips and donations.
  • False Credit Reporting Threats: SoLo is charged with making unfounded threats related to credit reporting to coerce payments.
  • Lack of Safeguards: The CFPB claims that SoLo’s business model lacks necessary consumer protection measures.

The CFPB contends that these practices not only deceived consumers but also contravened federal consumer financial laws.

Breakdown of Allegations Against SoLo Funds

Allegation Description
Misrepresentation of Loan Costs Obscuring true loan costs, interfering with consumers’ understanding of agreements.
Illegal Fee Collection Collecting fees despite advertising no fees, through lender ‘tips’ and SoLo ‘donations.’
False Credit Reporting Threats Making baseless threats related to credit reporting to compel payments.
Lack of Consumer Safeguards Operating without adequate measures to protect consumers from predatory practices.

Background and Growth of SoLo Funds

SoLo Funds was founded in 2018 by Rodney Williams and Travis Holoway, with a mission to provide financial services to underserved Americans who are frequently targeted by predatory lenders. The company’s innovative approach aimed to create a peer-to-peer lending platform where users could borrow money from each other.

SoLo Funds has garnered significant financial backing, raising approximately $13 million in venture funding. Notable investors include Serena Ventures, founded by tennis star Serena Williams, Endeavor Catalyst, Alumni Ventures, and Techstars. In 2021, TechCrunch highlighted SoLo Funds when it secured $10 million in Series A funding. The platform has seen considerable growth, claiming to have reached one million registered users and over 1.3 million downloads by 2023.

Recent Legal Challenges

The CFPB lawsuit is the latest in a series of legal troubles for SoLo Funds. The company settled multiple lawsuits last year with the District of Columbia and the State of California, addressing accusations of predatory lending practices. Additionally, the Connecticut Department of Banking issued a temporary cease-and-desist order against SoLo in 2022.

In December 2023, the company faced scrutiny from the State of Maryland, adding to its ongoing regulatory challenges.

SoLo Funds’ Response to the Lawsuit

In a statement to TechCrunch, SoLo Funds asserted that it had been working cooperatively with the CFPB for the past 18 months to establish a regulatory framework. The company claimed that an agreement had been reached on May 16, only to be “blindsided” by the lawsuit the following morning.

CEO Travis Holoway expressed his frustration, stating, “Minority innovators were challenged to create new models to address our communities’ financial inequalities. Now that we are doing that, the regulators seem driven by press releases when they should be motivated by true consumer protection and empowering equitable solutions.”

CFPB’s Objectives in the Lawsuit

The CFPB aims to rectify SoLo Funds’ practices and secure refunds for affected customers. The bureau is seeking several remedies, including:

  • Preventing Future Violations: Ensuring that SoLo Funds implements compliant business practices.
  • Monetary Relief: Providing financial restitution to consumers harmed by SoLo’s practices.
  • Disgorgement of Gains: Requiring SoLo to return any ill-gotten gains.
  • Civil Penalties: Imposing additional fines to deter future violations.

The lawsuit seeks to hold SoLo Funds accountable and establish a precedent for other fintech companies, emphasizing the importance of transparent and fair lending practices.

Key Takeaways

  • The CFPB is suing SoLo Funds for allegedly using deceptive digital practices to mislead borrowers.
  • SoLo is accused of misrepresenting loan costs, illegally collecting fees, and making false credit threats.
  • The company has faced multiple legal challenges and settlements with various state regulators.
  • SoLo Funds claims it was working towards regulatory compliance and was surprised by the lawsuit.
  • The CFPB aims to enforce consumer protection laws, secure refunds for customers, and impose financial penalties on SoLo Funds.

This legal action by the CFPB underscores the regulatory scrutiny faced by fintech companies and highlights the ongoing efforts to protect consumers from deceptive financial practices.

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